Sluggish cognitive tempo is a clinical construct that shares many symptoms with ADHD. Advocates say it deserves a separate diagnosis in the DSM-5.
Preschool ADHD can have a substantial impact on the daily functioning of a child. It is generally predictive of executive function impairment through adolescence, despite treatment with medication. A recent collaborative study of 4 universities in the Netherlands and the U.K. has shown that training parents to do behavioral interventions at home can have a positive effect on a child’s ADHD symptoms and reduce stress within the family.